As the third wave of COVID-19 continues to infect people, new data shows that many hospitals in the Ohio Valley are under strain, running short of bed space, especially for the most critically ill. The following graphs show how the pandemic is affecting hospital capacity in Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia, and you can check out the map view here. (The story continues below.)
The data released by the Department of Health and Human Services last Monday gives first insight into how individual hospitals across the country are doing.
The data, based on reports by hospitals to HHS, shows that the rise in COVID-19 hospitalizations is putting pressure on the health care system with hospitals in several dozen counties in the region running either at capacity or dangerously close. For this data analysis, the ReSource used the 7-day averages for hospital capacity in Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia for the week starting November 27.
HHS data was available for hospitals in 192 counties across the three states. Of the 77 counties in Kentucky for which data was available, COVID-19 patients occupied more than 10% of inpatient beds in 42 counties. In Ohio, 64 of 77 counties breached that mark and 14 of 38 counties in West Virginia.
According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, if the number of beds occupied by COVID-19 patients is greater than 20%, it is considered “extreme stress”. More than 10% of beds occupied could mean “high stress”.
That surge of patients is straining capacity. Hospitals in 22 of the 192 counties in the regional data reported running at more than 90% capacity. Fourteen of those counties are in Kentucky.
The pressure is especially great for intensive care units. Hospitals are running out of ICU bed space as 28 counties used more than 90% of capacity during the week of November 27.
That week, in Kentucky’s Fayette County, 94% of 1,455 inpatient beds and 84% of 372 ICU beds were occupied. Nearly a sixth of those inpatient beds were taken by COVID-19 patients. In Jefferson County, 98% of ICUs beds were used and 75% of adult inpatient beds were occupied with COVID-19 patients taking 17% of those.
Fayette and Jefferson counties, home to Lexington and Louisville, are the state’s most populous counties. But this wave of the pandemic has spread well beyond cities, bringing the effects of viral community spread to smaller towns and rural counties. .
For example, COVID-19 patients occupied 39% of inpatient beds In McDowell County, West Virginia, 46% in Tuscarawas County, Ohio and 36% in Cumberland County, Kentucky.
As the ReSource has reported, COVID-19 has left rural hospitals with fewer beds while losing their nursing staff as more fall ill or must quarantine due to the virus.
While the vaccine has been rolled out, it would take months to vaccinate a substantial population and to reach a point where people won’t be asked to follow guidelines to stop the spread of the virus.
Meanwhile, the hospitals in the Ohio Valley will likely continue to be strained especially at a time when cold weather forces people to stay indoors, which experts say increases chances of people getting sick. And as Christmas is around the corner, there is a likelihood of further increase in infections if people don’t take recommended precautions such as limiting the size of gatherings, mask wearing and social distancing.
With several hospitals running at capacity, a surge in hospitalizations in the next few months might put the Ohio Valley’s health care system in crisis.