Updated at 12:34 p.m. ET
President Trump said Iran appears “to be standing down” after Tuesday night’s missile attack in Iraq and that “the American people should be extremely grateful and happy no Americans were harmed.”
Trump, in a nationally televised address from the White House, also announced a new round of what he termed “punishing economic sanctions” against the Tehran government. And he called on NATO to become “much more involved in the Middle East process.”
Trump credited the dispersal of forces at the base, “and an early warning system that worked very well” for the lack of casualties.
Soleimani “should have been terminated long ago,” Trump said, calling him “the world’s top terrorist.”
Defense Secretary Mark Esper suggested on Tuesday that Soleimani had been a matter of days away from launching more violence against Americans or U.S. interests, but public details remain scarce.
Trump blamed the Obama administration, which reached an agreement limiting Iran’s ability to pursue nuclear weapons in return for — among other things — millions of dollars of Iranian assets that had been held by the U.S., for the Tuesday night missile strike.
“The missiles fired last night at us and our allies were paid for with the funds made available by the last administration,” he charged.
Trump withdrew from that 2015 agreement, and Wednesday he called on the nation’s European allies along with Russia and China to do so as well.
Late Tuesday night, Trump acknowledged the attacks by tweeting, “All is well!”
“Assessment of casualties & damages taking place now. So far, so good!” he added.
Initial satellite images of Ain al-Assad air base, in Western Iraq, suggested that Iran’s strike targeted aircraft repair shelters and other such facilities.
It wasn’t immediately clear what kind of effect the damage might have on American military capabilities in Iraq, but the United States has other air bases and vast forces arrayed around the Middle East.
Mohammad Javad Zarif, the Iranian foreign minister, called Tuesday night’s missile strike “proportionate measures in self-defense.” “We do not seek escalation or war, but will defend ourselves against any aggression,” he said on Twitter.
Before the attacks he also told NPR’s Mary Louise Kelly, who is in Tehran, that Soleimani’s killing “amounts to war.”
Wednesday’s address followed days of tensions that began last week as Iran-backed Iraqi militiamen and their supporters targeted the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, setting fires and damaging a perimeter gatehouse at the complex.
Days later, the U.S. killed Soleimani, who was visiting Baghdad, along with a senior leader of a Shiite militia group.
In the days after the Soleimani strike, the Trump administration faced domestic political criticism over the lack of transparency following the operation. The administration maintained that the U.S. faced an imminent threat, however.
“If you’re looking for imminence, you need look no further than the days that led up to the strike,” U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Tuesday, alluding to the violent protests outside the U.S. Embassy.
Relations between the U.S. and Iran have been fraught since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, but they have deteriorated sharply since the Trump administration withdrew from the nuclear deal.
The Trump administration maintained that the agreement with the world’s powers gave Iran too much in exchange for too little. It imposed harsh sanctions designed to squeeze Iran’s already moribund economy and vowed to impose “maximum pressure.”
Since Soleimani’s killing, Iran has said it will no longer abide by the restrictions imposed on its nuclear program by the deal but added that its decision is reversible if the other signatories to the accord — Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the European Union — provide it economic benefits.